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When Adar Begins, One Increases Rejoicing.

We are entering today the month of Adar. In Tanach, this month is referred to as the twelfth month. It was when the Jews returned to Eretz Yisrael, from the Babylonian exile, and they decided to keep the Babylonian Month names. The name in Akkadian (the Babylonians spoke Akkadian) is Addaru, which means a ‘holder’.  In Biblical Hebrew, we would find this word to mean a cloak – ‘Aderes’, which holds a person. 

This year we have 2 Adars, Adar Rishon and Adar Sheini. In Babylonia, there was the same system, when some years would have two months, Addaru I and Addaru II. But, whilst in the Hebrew calendar, Adar is the only month which can be doubled, this was not the case in Babylonia, wherein each cycle, they also had one year with two Eluls – Ulūlu I and Ulūlu II.

𝐏𝐚𝐫𝐞𝐧𝐭𝐬 𝐀𝐧𝐧𝐢𝐯𝐞𝐫𝐬𝐚𝐫𝐲 𝐨𝐫 𝐁𝐢𝐫𝐭𝐡𝐝𝐚𝐲?
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