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Credit: Sotheby’s

Padua, 1565: The Maharam Padova passed away.

Rabbi Meir Katzenellenbogen of Padua a.k.a. Maharam Padova was the rav of Padua, Italy. He published an edition of the Rambam and his commentary, with the Bragadini press in Venice. Soon thereafter, a competing press company, by Giustiniani, started printing the Rambam as well, in competition with him. Maharam turned to his young relative, the Rema of Cracow, who put out a cherem on the Giustiniani edition of the Rambam. Giustiniani took matters into his own hand and turned to the Vatican for support, which resulted in the burning of the Talmud in Rome, on Rosh HaShanah 1553.

Source: Shut Rema 10. [The Rema refers to the two Venetian Printers, as Yentilomar, which translates in Italian, as gentlemen.]


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