The Jewish community of Narbonne in southern France left an indelible mark on Jewish history. Chachmei Narbona, the Sages of Narbonne, are mentioned in rabbinical responsa throughout the Middle Ages and beyond. They are cited by the Rashba, the Rivash, the Maharashdam, the Radbaz, and others. The Rambam quotes Chachmei Narbona in his letters. Who were these Chachmei Narbona? How did their scholarship come about?