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Today, 2365 years ago, in the year 3415 AM, Ezra HaSofer arrived in Jerusalem, leading the second aliyah.

  • In the 1st year of Koresh, Zerubavel led the first aliyah, from exile to Eretz Yisrael, where he built the mizbeach.
  • In the 2nd year of Daryavesh, Ezra HaSofer led the second aliyah from exile to Eretz Yisrael, where he built the 2nd Beis Hamikdash.
  • In the 20th year of Artachshasta, Nechemia HaTirshasa led the third aliyah from exile to Eretz Yisrael, where he built the walls of Jerusalem.

Sources: Ezra 1:1, 7:9; Nechemiah 1:1